ECM is the engine control module of a car that regulates its performance. It has a specific fuse that protects the module from electric surges.
What Happens if an ECM Fuse Blows? An ECM fuse blows and causes engine cylinder misfiring, loss of ignition, excessive battery drainage, reduction in fuel economy, short circuits and warning light, instrument cluster malfunctions, reduced speed, improper gear shifting, and frequent stalling and vibrations.
People complain about the malfunctioning and blowing of the fuse. However, it withstands additional current load and stabilizes for a long time.
What are the symptoms when an ECM fuse blows?
Short circuits, current shortage, and variable voltage can damage it. The following are a few symptoms of the blown-out fuse of the ECM.
Engine cylinder misfiring
The ECM (engine/electronic control module) fuse blows and causes the misfiring of engine cylinders. Furthermore, it does not send power signals between the battery and the car.
The motor cylinders fail and do not provide proper combustion and power. As a result, the engine stops working, affecting the vehicle’s performance.
You can insert the key in the ignition hole. But, the vehicle does not respond because the engine malfunctions.
The motor cylinders undergo failures and do not produce power. You can hear cranking sounds due to the cylinder misfiring.
Sometimes, the ignition force increases, and the motor starts. But, the module does not perform at a stable level, and the car stops.
The cylinders undergo misfires for a few days. However, they work and produce loud sounds on other days.
Loss of ignition
The car’s electric control module or computer sets the fuel and air ratio. Moreover, it determines the combustions according to driving requirements.
The blown-out fuse reduces its efficiency. It does not determine the air-fuel ratio. It does not regulate combustion.
The vehicle loses ignition, and the engine does not start. However, you can start the car because it does not supply power to the module.
The wrong combustions and incorrect ignitions are its primary symptoms. You can insert the key repeatedly in the ignition hole.
The motor does not respond, and you cannot start the automobile because the engine control module cannot regulate its performance.
Excessive battery drainage
Blown-out ECM fuse causes excessive drainage of the car battery. In addition, the battery loses power continuously when the ECM does not perform at a stable level.
You can start the vehicle, and the battery drains because it does not support the engine control module. Then, it does not send electric signals to the battery.
The battery does not undergo charging, and power flow reduces. Low battery power is not enough to start the automobile.
The drained battery is dangerous and damages the electric features. In addition, fast battery drainage indicates the damaged fuse of your vehicle computer, which requires troubleshooting and repair.
Reduction in fuel economy
The ECM (engine control module) does not function properly when its fuse blows. As a result, it cannot determine the fuel volume of the engine.
You can find a significant reduction in the fuel economy of your automobile. It reduces because the module has minimum electric power.
The motor determines more fuel for reduced numbers of miles. It causes fuel loss which indicates refills.
The vehicle power decreases because the engine does not perform at a specific pre-adjusted level. However, several other electrical defects cause reduced fuel economy.
ECM troubleshooting is essential to find its stability.
Short circuits and warning light
The ECM fuse withstands the electrical surges and protects the car computer and engine from sudden failures. It blows and causes short circuits.
The short circuits become prominent, and the car loses sufficient power flow. They can affect the wire performance.
The wires can disconnect from their attachment positions. The blown-out fuse of the vehicle computer triggers a warning light on the dashboard.
It is a prominent symptom of its failure inside the module. The warning light illuminates and stays on the dashboard.
The light appears according to the time of its damage. It can turn off on the first day of its malfunctioning.
However, you can continuously see a warning light on the dashboard when it has blown out for 5 to 6 days.
Instrument cluster malfunctions
The ECM of a car controls the instrument cluster. However, the instrument cluster comprises several wires, relays, switches, and high-performance sensors.
The blown-out fuse reduces its efficiency. The vehicle computer cannot supply power to these electrically working components of the instrument cluster.
The sensors do not provide information to the instrument cluster when the onboard computer malfunctions. You cannot see warning signs and indicators on the dashboard.
It loses its functions completely when it blows. The instrument cluster undergoes several short circuits which break wires.
The entire electric system of the car fails, and you cannot drive it without repairing the faults.
Reduced speed and gear shifting
The electric control module of cars works with the transmission control module. Therefore, the ECM can control the acceleration of the vehicles.
The transmission module stabilizes the gear shifting according to the instructions of the car’s computer system. The TCM does not function properly when the fuse of the engine control module blows.
You cannot shift the gears because the transmission malfunctions. ECM cannot determine the specific throttle for the required speed.
The transmission becomes challenging, which shows its malfunctioning. The vehicle loses proper ignition, and you cannot drive it.
Also, the computer cannot send information to the transmission control module. You cannot shift the gears, which reduces speed.
Frequent stalling and vibrations
Car stalling and vibrations are a symptom of a blown-out ECM fuse. ECM cannot send standard information to the vehicle engine.
Furthermore, it loses electrical signals when it does not function. It cannot control the combustion range.
The strokes change, and fuel mixes with air at a different level. The battery malfunctions, and the engine does not facilitate ignition.
In addition, the electrical surges and short circuits increase. You can feel excessive stalling and vibrations while you start the car.
The throttle response changes, which results in motor vibrations. In such circumstances, the vehicle stalls during ignition, which causes damage.
What to do when an ECM fuse blows?
You can fix the blown-out ECM fuse of the car. Fixing it can stabilize its performance, and the computer can regulate the engine and battery.
You can troubleshoot it through the onboard diagnostic scanner. The OBD-II scanner can identify it, and you can fix the symptoms for maximum stability.
You can check the electric flow of the car. Also, you can check the performance of the automobile battery.
The vehicle battery sends power to the engine control module through wires. Heat and usage can damage these cords.
It leads to several short circuits, and the fuse cannot withstand them. As a result, it blows because electrical surges cross its capacity and EMC malfunctions.
You can troubleshoot the connecting wires between the battery and ECM. Then, you can remove the damaged cords and replace them.
It stabilizes the misfiring of motor cylinders. In addition, the vehicle ignition stabilizes because the engine runs at a specific speed.
The combustion stabilizes when you fix the electrical circuit of the ECM. For example, you can replace the broken fuse and stabilize the module’s performance.
Then, the motor sends a standard throttle response for high acceleration. The transmission control module stabilizes when you change it.
However, it malfunctions when the fuel pump undergoes thermal damage. Its high temperature leads to more ampere draw.
The electrical surges increase and affect its performance. You can change the malfunctioning fuel pump and stabilize the vehicle onboard the computer.
Also, you can stabilize the malfunctioning oxygen sensors. You can replace their broken wirings and brushes.
It stabilizes the exhaust system, and the module regulates the emission, which improves fuel economy. In addition, reduced short circuits increase battery performance, and it does not drain.