The compression of brake calipers without a tool means its piston adjustment without a ratchet. Due to corrosion, these brake calipers do not compress, which affects the braking system.
How Do You Compress a Brake Caliper Without Tools? You can compress a brake caliper without tools by adjusting a C-clamp inside the caliper to produce compression and using a screwdriver to push the pistons backward. In addition, you can use pliers and a 29-ounce caulk gun to compress calipers.
The caliper compresses against the brake pads, which pushes the discs and slows down a vehicle. However, due to standard compression, you can stop the vehicle at any spot without shaking and frame vibrations.
- 1 What are the different methods to compress a brake caliper without tools?
- 2 Why would you compress a brake caliper without tools?
- 3 How to handle the compression of the brake caliper and its pistons?
What are the different methods to compress a brake caliper without tools?
Their compression is essential for their standard performance. With the following techniques, you can compress them.
The C-clamps are metal-based small tops with a C-shape design. They have flat ends on the bottom side, and the hole has aligned threads.
An elongated screw can move through the hole, and the thread adjusts it inside the C-clamp. You can retract the C-clamps to reduce their dimensions.
Also, you can extend them due to their design. Finally, you can adjust a C-clamp to promote compression due to its dimensions.
You can select a C-clamp according to its dimensions. Then, push it inside the caliper, where it can strike the brake pad.
To avoid unnecessary movements, select its rear spot. In addition, you can tighten the C-clamp slowly.
As a result, it develops a distance between the caliper and the brake pad. Therefore, you can continue C-clamp tightening until you adjust the C-clamps in a specific position.
You can swap the damaged pads and increase the compression rate.
You can compress the pistons of brake calipers without using a specific tool with the help of a correct screwdriver. For this process, you can use metallic screwdrivers.
However, you can examine the standard performance of rotors during these procedures. Then, you can change them with new and high-performance options.
Lift the automobile from the ground and increase the safety through jack stands which provide maximum stability. You can adjust the flathead screwdriver between the brake pad and the rotors.
In such circumstances, you can stabilize the caliper in a stationary position. Now, you can develop a space internally and pull the pad.
With the screwdriver, you can push the pistons in the rear position. Moreover, you can keep the brake shoe near the rotors.
You can increase their internal tension and push them to their standard position. Then, reinstall the removed pad and adjust it in the mount.
With the correctly sized flathead screwdriver, you can press the cylinders and adjust them in one fixed position.
Combination of pliers
A group of pliers is called an old channel lock. It is a traditional method to apply compression on the caliper pistons.
These pliers have specific ends on one edge. Moreover, the pliers can adjust and can compress them.
But, they do not reduce the internal gap due to their standard functions. In this procedure, you can remove the brake pads from the vehicle.
You can use channel locks or pliers on both ends of its pistons. The pliers can produce a specific compression that adjusts them in their standard positions.
You can compress them from both sides and align their position.
With a caulk gun
A caulk gun has a metallic boy with a built-in spring that triggers its functions. Therefore, a 29-ounce caulk gun is beneficial for these procedures.
For this method, you can use it to develop a specific compression on the calipers and their internal pistons. In addition, you can adjust the caulk gun on them due to its elongated body, which can strike the pads.
You can regulate the trigger, which pushes them back to their actual state. You can push and pull the trigger more than 4 to 5 times.
It depends on the compression force and internal condition of different components. With the caulk gun and its trigger, you can compress them without utilizing a specific tool.
Why would you compress a brake caliper without tools?
They have a standard compression which them in their actual position. However, you can compress them due to the following problems.
Obstructions due to debris
The front wheel brake calipers expose to road dust which can flow inside their tiny openings. The accumulation of dust traces can obstruct their movement.
In such conditions, they cannot push against the disc. As a result, the pressure reduces to manage the vehicle speed.
Moreover, you cannot handle the automobile because the lack of compression affects braking force. It can remove the piston from its compressed position and require more pressure to move back.
You can use different techniques to push them to their position without professional guidance.
Damage due to weather impact
The calipers and pistons are metallic components, and moisture can reduce their performance. In addition, rainwater and moist air are dangerous for these metallic parts and their efficiency.
The accumulated moisture cause rusting over their surface, which reduces their internal pressure. In such conditions, they cannot work with the brake components.
Due to these problems, they do not retract or extend due to internal corrosion. As a result, they lack the smooth performance and require specific pressure to adjust their alignment.
They become inactive, which reduces the smooth driving of a car.
The brake pads can reduce the internal temperature and protect the calipers from damage. But, the metallic pistons undergo friction due to heat.
In such circumstances, they cannot move at standard pressure. In addition, due to the high temperature, their insulation cracks, which reduces heat resistance.
The damage of friction substance causes the reduction of brake lubricant. As a result, their seals crack, and the fluid flows outside the vehicle.
As a result, you cannot regulate the braking system, and the road can pull it towards one side.
How to handle the compression of the brake caliper and its pistons?
Cars have different types of calipers according to their design and the versatility of the brake system. Generally, each of them has one piston, which has smooth regulation.
Floating options have single pistons that can press against the brake pad. You can compress the primary piston before the secondary to handle them.
For example, fixed calipers can comprise a pair of pistons. Therefore, you can assess two pairs on them according to the design.
With them, you can compress the primary piston, which pressurizes the secondary piston. In such circumstances, you can start with the primary, but both pistons compress simultaneously.
Their compression is challenging due to the complex layout. However, you can find their sliding and floating types on cars with single pistons on the edge of the rotor.