EBD in vehicles increases passenger safety while applying brakes. It also allows safe driving on the roads by minimizing the risk of collisions with other vehicles.
How Important is EBD in Cars? Electronic Brake Force Distribution (EBD) is important in cars to provide the necessary force to all four wheels for stopping a car. In addition, it is also beneficial when you are carrying heavy loads. It protects the rear side wheels from skidding and locking. As a result, you can drive on snowy and wet roads without fear of the slipperiness of tires. It also helps maintain traction of tires on the road while maintaining stability.
The latest cars are equipped with this safety technology to increase their demand and sale value in the market.
What is EBD in cars?
The EBD is the broad term that means electronic brake force distribution system. It is present in most of the latest automobiles for the safety and security of drivers and your vehicles.
It is majorly the extension of the braking system for its appropriate functioning. It works efficiently with the antilock braking system.
It works on the principle that all wheels require different forces to stop.
It provides the maximum braking force to stop the tires according to their need.
This term clears that all tires do not require equal force for their stoppage. Instead, all of the wheels need different braking forces to stop your car.
In addition, the EBD system also calculates the braking force of each tire for their quick stoppage.
How does EBD work in cars?
The electronic brakeforce distribution system in automobiles works by accessing the speed and movement through speed sensors.
It calculates and provides the amount of force to each of the wheels. Some tires require more force to stop as compared to others.
The tires carrying the heavy load require more force, and lighter ones need less. This feature supplies less force to rear wheels because of their lighter weight holding capacity.
It keeps all four wheels engaged to reduce the chances of skidding.
The brake master cylinder provides the brake fluid to increase the pressure on the rear side to prevent the wheels from locking.
Why is EBD Important in cars?
The EBD system improves safety and security when you drive at high speed. In addition, it is more beneficial at turning points that need more care while applying brakes.
Beneficial for heavy loading
The EBD system works well when you are loading them heavily. However, many people add more things to their cargo space.
Applying brakes while carrying heavy loads stresses the front tires and axle. In addition, the rear wheels can lock and skid in this situation due to the uneven brake force distribution.
The system is specially designed for vehicles to reduce this skidding issue of rear wheels when you apply brakes while carrying heavy loads.
Decrease braking distance
Applying brakes at turning points and high speed is a difficult task. It also becomes challenging to stop your vehicle when you have heavy loads in cargo space.
The braking distance increases due to heavy weight. This is because the tires need more force to stop when your automobiles are overloading than their capacity.
The EBD system quickly distributes the force to all four wheels according to their requirement when you stop the vehicle at turning points.
It is a helpful feature because the risk of accidents and collisions also decreases due to a decreased braking distance.
Reduce stress on the braking system
The braking system is under more stress due to the absence of an EBD system to stop the cars. In addition, the front axles are also under more pressure when you apply brakes with heavy loads.
The system becomes helpful in increasing the life of the braking system by evenly distributing the force to all of the four wheels.
It combines the electronic and hydraulic components to provide adequate brake pressure to all wheels.
Beneficial for slippery roads
Sometimes the road becomes slippery in the winter season due to the presence of fog at night. Moreover, the rainy season also makes the roads wet.
It is challenging to drive on these roads because of the slipperiness issue. In addition, you cannot drive at high speed on wet roads because tires can skid and cause serious accidents.
It is also challenging to slow down while driving on wet roads because of slipperiness problems.
The EBD system calculates the force the tires need to stop on these roads and provides it adequately for a complete halt.
It is also beneficial during the snowy season because roads also become slippery and cause the rear wheels to lock after the brakes’ application.
Stability during driving is essential to safe driving at high speeds and on highways.
Sometimes the tires cannot maintain stability when you apply brakes on turning points and at high speed on smooth roads.
The disturbance in stability during the brakes is a major problem. It increases the chances of serious accidents on the road.
The EBD system maintains the stability of the steering wheel when you want to stop your vehicle while driving at high speed.
The maintenance of traction of tires on the road is essential to decrease the risk of rolling of cars.
The friction between tires and roads is necessary for forwarding movement. The rolling over occurs when rear tires become locked and cannot maintain traction on the road.
The issue most commonly occurs while moving in snowy and hilly areas.
It helps maintain the traction of front and rear wheels on the road while preventing them from skidding and locking.
You can easily drive in sloppy areas because it keeps all wheels engaged in stopping the car.
What are the components of the EBD system?
The EBD system has several components which are essential for their appropriate working.
The speed sensor is present in all vehicles with an electronic brake-force distribution system. In addition, these sensors are present in the wheels of the vehicles.
The primary function of the speed sensor is to calculate the tire’s speed and signal the electronic control unit accordingly.
The signals are transmitted through the wires for adequate application of brake pressure. In addition, it measures the speed of your tires while driving.
It also helps to ensure that the rotational speed of tires should be more than the speed of your car to prevent the skidding issue.
Brake force modulator
The brake force modulator is a necessary part of the EBD system and cannot work efficiently without this component.
It helps to control the amount of force provided to each tire.
These modulators also regulate the amount of brake fluid for their appropriate usage to stop each wheel.
Electronic control unit
The electronic control unit is the computerized system in the electronic brake force distribution system.
The primary function of this small computer is to sense the car’s speed after taking signals from the speed sensors.
It also helps to calculate the slip ratio of each wheel after taking the correct information from speed sensors. The slip ratio calculation is essential to know the rotational speed of tires and the speed of your vehicle.
The EBD system helps to minimize the slip ratio and keeps them at a normal range to prevent skidding issues.
How do you know when the EBD system stops working in your car?
Sometimes the EBD system stops working because of damaged speed sensors. The sensors get damaged due to physical and mechanical reasons.
The sensors also become faulty due to driving on wet roads and increasing humidity. In addition, the presence of corrosion causes the blockage of signals through the electronic control unit.
You can identify this issue by seeing your screen’s EBD system warning light. In addition, you also face that brake becomes heavy to apply and takes longer.
The braking distance also increases when you apply them. It is not safe to drive in this condition and park your vehicle.
Do all cars have an EBD system?
ABS is the antilock braking system and the whole automotive braking technology. EBD is the advancement and one of the extensions of the ABS.
All modern vehicles have this safety feature for the security of passengers and cars. In addition, people also prefer to purchase the safer ones.
You cannot compromise on the safety of your automobiles while purchasing them.
I am listing the names of cars with an electronic brake force distribution system.
- Ford Figo
Which is better ABS or EBD?
The ABS stands for the antilock braking system, which applies braking force to all of the four wheels to prevent the skidding issue.
The EBD system is the extension of the antilock braking system and is a more advanced form. It helps to calculate the amount of force necessary for every tire.
It is beneficial because it calculates the braking force after determining the condition of the road, the speed of your car, the rotational speed of tires, and the loads you are carrying.
Most vehicles are launched in the market with ABS systems and EBD technology to make them more reliable and safer.