Many people complain that there are no visible leaks in their car’s coolant system, but coolant is still missing. The issue occurs due to evaporation or steam formation of antifreeze through various damaged parts.
Coolant keeps missing but no visible leaks is due to cracked head gaskets, bad radiator caps, stuck expansion valve, and broken cylinder head. Moreover, the issue also comes due to uphill movement, overfilling of coolant, damaged turbo seals, and engine overheating.
You can face this when evaporation occurs due to small hairline scratches that are invisible to the eye. It is necessary to identify the real cause of low levels of coolant.
|Reasons coolant keeps missing but no visible leaks||Solutions|
|Cracked head gaskets||Install new head gaskets|
|Bad radiator cap||Check seal and size of radiator cap|
|Stuck expansion valve||Reduce the pressure of coolant|
|Uphill driving and heavy hauling loads||Check towing capacity and drive slowly|
|Overfilling||Fill the coolant up to the marked level|
|Bad turbo seals||Check blockages of oil system|
|Overheating in engine||Switch of heavy electric component|
Cracked head gaskets
These are rubber or metal material that seals the cylinder head and prevent leakage in the engine block. It is the internal system that is connected to exhaust manifolds.
Coolant enters the cylinder head due to cracked head gaskets and releases from the exhaust system in the form of steam.
Overheating in the engine compartment is common, which can cause cracking and warping of these plastic materials.
Moreover, frequent and unusual changes in temperature cause their expansion and contraction and lead to the loosening of seals.
The poor and incorrect installation also causes antifreeze leakage into the internal system. The head gaskets do not remain in their place when you add the incorrect size ones.
It is unsafe to drive with blown-out head gaskets because it can cause sudden misfiring. In addition, you cannot repair them and must change them to resolve the problem.
You can fix the issue by inspecting the cooling system and keeping your engine cool.
Bad radiator cap
It is a piston-like material that is beneficial to seal the radiator hose and prevent the leakage of the coolant from the system.
The sealed caps also inhibit the air pockets from building in the cooling pipes, which causes an issue in the flow of antifreeze.
The poor sealing of the radiator cap causes the leakage of coolant into the combustion chamber, and it moves from the tailpipe and muffler in the form of steam.
These caps become bad due to the accumulation of brown material on their surface. The brown material is the rust that eats the metal material and reduces its strength.
Moreover, the issue comes from overfilling the cooling system with antifreeze. The seals also become loose when pressure builds in the hose.
The aftermarket addition of the radiator cap leads to incorrect sealing. These are smaller or larger that cannot seal the hose properly.
You can fix the issue by selecting the right cap for the radiator hose that can seal its opening correctly. Avoid adding water into the reservoir because it can cause rust to build up on its surface.
Stuck expansion valve
An expansion valve is present near the radiator cap to reduce the pressure. The pressure of the coolant increases when you park your car after a long drive.
The constant working of the engine increases the pressure of the antifreeze. The expansion valve reduces pressure and moves the extra coolant into the overflow reservoir.
Sometimes these valves become faulty and get stuck in one position. The issue comes when they stop at the open position.
The pressurized coolant directly moves into the overflow reservoir and evaporates in the form of steam.
The problem with expansion valves comes due to the pressurized flow of coolant. Failure of these valves occurs due to contaminants in the fluid.
You cannot repair the expansion valves, so you have to change them. Check the quality of the coolant and its concentration while adding them.
Uphill driving and heavy hauling loads
Many people face the issue of suddenly decreased levels of coolant when they are driving uphill. In addition, the uphill movement puts a load on the engine, and they have to work harder to supply power.
The engine also heats up when you put a load on them. This is because the fluid moves more in the lines to keep the engine block cool and free from damage.
Moreover, the problem comes when you haul heavy things with your cars. The engine needs extra power to move these heavier loads and overheats.
Check the towing capacity of your car when hauling anything with them. Moreover, drive at sow speed when driving uphill or towing a vehicle with them.
Overfilling the cooling system with coolants causes leakage through the caps. The pressure builds up inside the hose and cause issue.
Many people overfill the reservoir, which is above their maximum level. In addition, expansion and contraction of antifreeze occur due to temperature changes.
The issue comes in winter when this liquid starts to expand. The overfilling does not leave any space for their expansion.
The liquid expands in winter, and pressure builds up and opens the radiator’s cap. You can fix this issue by filling in the antifreeze at the proper level.
The reservoir is marked with maximum range, and it is necessary for you not to exceed these levels. You can also remove the excess liquid if you accidentally overfill it to reduce the cap’s bursting.
Bad turbo seals
Turbo seals are present in turbocharged cars and are made of rubber material. These are served as the seal between the combustion chamber and the engine block.
These are the alternative to the head gaskets in traditional vehicles. Turbo seals become bad when they become old.
The material loses its elasticity and strength and comes out from the cylinder head. In addition, the damaged turbo seals cause the entrance of coolant in the combustion chamber and their evaporation.
Their levels start to decrease in this situation, but you do not see any leaks in the cooling system. You can diagnose the issue with the color of the smoke.
Moreover, you can also hear the whining noise from the engine due to damaged turbo seals. You can fix it by checking the oil to ensure no blockage in their flow.
Avoid using silicone on these seals because it can cause oil blockages. Replace the air filters to prevent the failure of turbo seals.
Overheating in engine
Coolant decrease the temperature of the engine compartment. Sometimes the overheating in this block uses too much coolant and reduces their level.
You can see a sudden fall in the level of this liquid to dissipate heat. Overheating in the engine comes due to its broken internal components.
You can face the problem due to a broken radiator hose and leakage of antifreeze. In addition, the engine overheats due to the failed thermostat and broken hoses or belts.
Do not drive your car when you are feeling the heat coming from the engine side. Moreover, switch off the heavy electricity drawing component like ac to reduce their load.
Check the cooling fans that are working efficiently to remove heat.