Timing belt or chain plays a vital role in the functioning of a Ford F-150 engine by regulating its valves and piston movement and allowing proper airflow at an accurate time.
Does a Ford F-150 Have a Timing Belt or Chain? The presence of a Timing belt or chain in Ford F-150 engine assembly depends upon its model and manufacturing year. The timing belt plays a vital role in the accurate functioning of the cam and crankshaft. The timing chain also controls the time duration for the opening and closing of each intake and exhaust stroke of the engine’s cylinder.
The timing belt or chain is a part of the truck’s internal engine that connects the crankshaft with the camshaft and ensures that the engine’s valve opens and closes at an accurate time during each intake and exhaust stroke of the cylinder.
Does a Ford F-150 Have a Timing Belt or Chain?
The timing belt in Ford F150 synchronizes the crankshaft and camshaft rotation and prevents the engine from malfunctioning.
The timing belt is a band of solid rubber that contains notches on its internal surface, similar to the gear’s teeth.
On the other hand, the timing chain is a continuous metal chain that attaches the camshaft with crank sprockets.
The older models of the Ford F-150 contain a timing belt usually present outside of the engine assembly. Due to this reason, they become more exposed to harmful elements and start to degrade with time.
The models of F-150 that comes into the market after 2007 contain a timing chain in its engine assembly.
The metal chain of timing survives longer and has more durability due to its precise configuration and the ability to receive continuous lubrication from the engine oil like other parts of the engine.
When should the timing belt be replaced on a Ford F150?
Timing belts need to replace much quicker than the timing chain. The robust construction of the timing chain can easily last with the engine’s life unless they do not receive good quality engine oil per their requirement, resulting in its malfunctioning.
Other the other hand, the rubber belt starts to get damaged with leaked coolant, age, and leaked engine oil. As a result, its reinforcing cords become weak and lose their tensile strength that is extremely dangerous for your engine.
The belt failures occur with no warning; you need to find the replacement date in its Owner manual for this reason.
Most manufacturers of Ford F-150 recommend that you can replace your vehicle’s timing belts anywhere between 60,000 miles to 110,000 miles.
Different symptoms can indicate that your vehicle needs a timing belt or chain replacement.
Ticking noise inside the engine assembly
The engine pulleys connect the timing belt with the crank and camshaft. The crankshaft supplies power towards the connecting rods that connect with the pistons present on the engine’s combustion chamber.
On the other hand, the camshaft operates the rocker arm assembly and cylinder valves that send fuels inside the combustion chamber and eliminate burnt gases with the help of the exhaust manifold.
The presence of low oil pressure inside the engine can badly affect your timing belt and cause ticking noise in it.
You can resolve this problem by checking the level of your truck’s engine oil.
If the engine oil level is within normal range, you need to consult with a mechanic to inspect the timing as soon as possible.
The ignorance of timing belt replacement can result in broken valves and pistons, damaged cylinder head, and camshaft, which results in engine failure.
The engine starts to misfire
The fire rate of the engine can easily disturb due to a worn-out timing chain or belt. Sometimes, this belt slips from its location on the camshaft drive that operates the cylinder head valve. As a result, the cylinder starts to open and close quicker than its appropriate time.
In the case of the timing chain, the chain begins to stretch over after some time and skip gears on the cam and crankshaft; as a result, the engine runs out of its timing calibration that can lead to misfire and low accelerating power.
Engine fails to ignite
When you turn the ignition ON, the starter motor of the Ford F-150 starts to operate well, but the engine fails to turn over due to its damaged timing chain that runs its cam and crankshaft.
The broken belt can decrease the engine’s compression ratio and damage its internal compartments like the crank bearings, oil pump present inside the oil pan, cylinder head hardware like the rocker arm, and the pushrods.
During driving, the cracked timing belt can severely damage the pistons due to their direct contact with valves. As a consequence, the valve starts to bend and break different other parts of the engine.
The rough driving of the truck indicates that your timing belt starts to get loose or damage.
You need to consult with a certified professional who can examine all the supporting components of the engine.
Leakage of engine oil
The leakage of engine oil from the timing cover can prematurely damage the timing belt and cause overheating in the engine assembly.
The improper sealing of cover due to loose nuts and bolts and cracked or poorly installed gasket present between the engine and timing cover can cause excessive oil leakage.
Presence of metal shaving inside the engine oil
The automobile manufacturers suggest changing your vehicle’s engine oil and filter after covering the distance of 3000 to 5000 miles.
If the timing chain starts to wear out, small metal pieces can easily observe on the oil pan.
The certified professional can notice these metal shaving in the drained oil and filter and recommend changing your timing chain as soon as possible.
Other possible reasons for metal shaving in the drained engine oil are wearing cylinder head valves, keepers, and retainers, indicating that it starts to deteriorate and needs immediate replacement.
Engine light flashing on the instrumental panel
The indication of engine light on the truck’s instrumental panel can predict various issues i-e the failing of the timing chain is one of them.
The truck’s computer can determine the source of the problem and show warning signs on the instrumental panel that must be scanned and verified with trouble codes.
The stretch chain can disturb the engine’s functioning and increase its emission capabilities due to this problem; the engine light turns ON. Therefore, it is essential to find diagnostic trouble codes and make necessary arrangements according to them.
Rattling inside the engine
In normal conditions, the truck engine has a smooth sound that indicates that everything present inside its assembly is working accurately.
When the timing chain starts to get loose, it creates vibrations inside the engine motor and produces rattling noise even when the engine is idle.
The breakage of this chain seizes the engine assembly and imposes heavy expenses on its owner that can stop by performing regular inspections and scheduled replacements.
How much does it cost to replace a timing chain on a Ford F150?
The replacement of a timing chain or belt is a critical process that requires a lot of time and expense.
The replacement cost of this process depends on the number of labor hours and the price of timing parts.
The price of timing belt parts ranges from as little to as $65 to as high as $140. On the other hand, the labor cost of this process varies from approximately $1000 to $1300.