Bolt pattern is one of the most important considerations when purchasing a wheel for your GMC Canyon, whether to replace an existing wheel or purchase new wheels altogether.
What is the Bolt Pattern on a GMC Canyon? The bolt pattern on GMC Canyon is 6×120, where 6 refers to the number of holes, and 120 shows the diameter in millimeters. In the case of an even number of holes, the bolt pattern is the distance from the midpoint of one hole to the center of exactly opposite hole. If there are an odd number of holes, it is the distance from the edge of one hole, leaving the adjacent hole and to the center of the very next hole.
It may be like a minor detail, but it is essential if you do not want to meet an accident and want your wheels to fit correctly and look great.
What Do You Mean by Bolt Pattern?
The bolt pattern information is essential for you to know; it is the distance between the center of one lug nut hole to the next, and it is used as a reference point when mounting your new wheels.
Lug nuts are the nuts that you can use to fasten the wheel onto your GMC Canyon and other vehicles, as these nuts are generally located near each wheel hub. You should note the weight of the GMC Canyon for better results.
Wheel hub allows the wheels to rotate relative to the truck body properly and is responsible for making sure that your truck rolls along smoothly without any resistance.
It is also responsible for providing traction between the truck and road surface, which helps steer your GMC Canyon at high speeds.
Its primary function is to allow relative motion between the axle and the wheel while providing support for radial and lateral forces.
If you look at the lug nut, it is nothing more than a single metal cylinder, but this little component is very complex and serves many purposes.
The lug nut holds your wheel in place, which may seem like an easy task, but several factors make this job quite complicated.
The angle of your tire can change with every turn and impact, and it even rotates when you drive on the highway. It means that the lug nut must be strong enough to withstand constant force without breaking or moving out of position.
The most popular kind is made out of steel, and it features a conical shape, so you can easily screw it using a wrench machine.
Two types of bolts fasten your rims to your truck; one of them is lug nuts, and another is wheel studs, and both serve the same purpose.
Lug nuts have been the standard for decades, but they have become less popular as people discover their main shortcoming; it takes a lot longer to change out a flat tire using lug nuts.
On the other hand, studs are the bolts that attach the rim to the hub or brake drum, and they have flat heads on one side.
In this way, they can be tightened from above with a wrench, while nuts have rounded sides so that you can turn them from below with a nut driver.
Measuring The Wheel Bolt Pattern on GMC Canyon
You should first stop your GMC Canyon if you are driving and park it in the nearby parking area, or you can stop by the nearby petrol pump.
These tools will help you avoid the time-consuming process of removing the lug nuts with your hands, and you can save a lot of time.
You need to have a tool kit in your truck so that whenever you need it, you can use it without having to buy it from the store or borrow it from your neighbor.
Another essential tool in this process is the floor jack, as, without it, you will not be able to lift your GMC Canyon or remove your tire.
Removing a wheel can be a difficult task to do for someone who has never worked on their truck before, and it is even more difficult if you do not have the right tools and information.
The jack point is usually accompanied by a lifting device like a floor jack for raising to change the wheels or lowering them.
Now place the floor jack just under the jack point and start pushing its handle and keep doing this until the wheel of your truck is completely in the air.
Once off the ground, use a lug wrench or a wrench machine that will only cost you between $30 or $60 to loosen each lug nut from the wheel.
It is not necessary to use a floor jack; you can also use some other equipment to lift it; however, it is always best to use the floor jack provided by the manufacturer. It will save you time and ensure that your vehicle remains stable throughout the process.
You can remove any of the four tires and measure the bolt pattern on them, but it is recommended that you remove any of the back wheels as the wheel hub will not come in the way of measuring.
Once you remove the tire from your GMC Canyon, bring out your measuring tape or scale and check the bolt pattern by counting the number of holes present, whether 5-lug, 6-lug, or 8-lug.
If there are an even number of holes then, place one end of the measuring tape or scale on the middle of any of the lug holes and place the other end on the center of the exact opposite lughole.
It will give you the bolt pattern reading; for example, a 6×6.7 bolt pattern means that there are 6 lug holes present and the distance between two lug holes is 6.7 inches.
If there are an odd number of lug holes present, then you need to put the measuring tape on the edge of one lug hole, leave the adjacent lug hole, and then put its other end on the center of the very next lughole.
It will provide you with the exact distance between those odd lug holes, and you can measure this reading in inches and then convert it into millimeters.
The Bolt Pattern of GMC Canyon
You can find the bolt pattern of GMC Canyon on its official website, or you can learn about it and measure the pattern easily.
It is important to note that the diameter can be given in either inches or millimeters depending upon the model of the truck and its manufacturers.
Similarly, 2020, 2019, 2018, 2017, 2016, and 2015 models of GMC Canyon also had the same bolt pattern as the 2021 GMC Canyon have.
On the other hand, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012 models of GMC Canyon had the bolt pattern of 6×139.7 in inches or 6×5.5 in millimeters.
Why Are Bolt Patterns Important?
Bolt patterns are the tiny holes on your truck rim, and their size, spacing, and depth allow you to put the correct tires on your wheels.
Their sizes vary from one manufacturer to another, and that is why it is essential to know about the bolt patterns before you buy a set of rims for your truck.
This feature provides a means of proper alignment and balance for the tire when it is mounted on your truck. It guarantees that your tires will not only last long but also provide good handling throughout their lifetime.
When purchasing their dream set of wheels, bolt patterns are one measurement that people fail to consider, and they do not pay much attention to this part.
However, proper measurements will help you get back on track faster when road conditions turn bad or when you want to go off-road.
Disregarding this crucial bit of information could cause problems during an emergency where you need to reach your destination but could not because of the irregular bolt pattern.
Bolt patterns are an essential part of any wheel and tire package as they dictate what wheels and tires will fit on a specific vehicle.
It gives you an idea of how wide or narrow your wheel should be to achieve optimal performance without causing an accident.
What Are Different Bolt Patterns?
There are different bolt patterns available in the market like 4-lug, 5-lug, 6-lug, 8-lug, or dual lug, and your truck has any one of them.
The basic difference is the number of holes present in each of them; for example, if you have a 4-lug wheel, there are 4 holes present.
If you have an 8-lug wheel, then this means you have 8 holes present in your wheel, and in the case of 5-lug, there are 5 holes present.
The measuring pattern of odd, even lugs and the distance between two holes differ, and you can easily measure it.
Add a Center Cap
A center cap is a decorative fitting placed over the middle of a wheel that covers the lug nuts and makes it look better with its attractive design.
It is an essential part of the wheel on your GMC Canyon that is made from plastic, metal, carbon fiber, or even wood and some of them are removable while others are held in place by screws or adhesives.